Atmospheric Supply
of Nitrogen, Lead, Cadmium, Mercury and PCBs
to the Baltic Sea
in 2013

(Updated: 26 November  2015)

 

SemeenaValiyaveetil Shamsudheen - MSC - W of EMEP e-mail: semeena.valiyaveetil@met.no
Jerzy Bartnicki - MSC-W of EMEP e-mail: jerzy.bartnicki@met.no
Alexey Gusev - MSC-E of EMEP e-mail: alexey.gusev@msceast.org
Wenche Aas - CCC of EMEP e-mail: wenche.aas@nilu.no

 

 

This report has been prepared for the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM), Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission, based on the model estimates and monitoring results which have been presented to the thirty seventh session of the Steering Body of EMEP (Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe). This present, joint summary report for HELCOM includes the measurements and results of modelling in the Baltic Sea region for oxidised nitrogen, reduced nitrogen, lead, cadmium, mercury and PCBs for the year 2013. It has been developed in a frame of close collaboration between three modelling and monitoring EMEP centres: MSC-W, MSC-E and CCC, and is available now on the EMEP WEB page and later on the HELCOM WEB page. The report, as a draft, will be presented and discussed at the Eighteenth MONAS Meeting in Helsinki, Finland, together with corresponding drafts of the Indicator Fact Sheets. Participants of this meeting will be asked for the comments and corrections which will be taken into account in the final version of the report and in the final versions of the Indicator Fact Sheets, as well. All comments/corrections should be send to Semeena Valiyaveetil Shamsudheen at MSC-W.

Acknowledgements. The authors are indebted to the scientific teams at MSC-E, MSC-W and CCC for providing the results included in this report and especially to Anna Benedictow, Per Helmer Skaali and Álvaro Valdebenito for their help with the Internet related tasks. We are grateful to Ms. Marina Varygina, Dr. Ilia Iliyn and Prof. Victor Shatalov for their contribution to this work, valuable remarks and comments.

Separate Chapters of the report, as well as, links to the Indicator Fact Sheets can be found below.

 

CONTENTS

 

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Cover page

 

Cover for the report.

 

 

 

Title pages

 

Preface, Acknowledgments,Contents.

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

Introductory remarks.

 

 

 

 

Observed Pollutant Concentrations at HELCOM Stations in 2013

 

Map of HELCOM measurement stations. Nitrogen concentrations in air and precipitation. Heavy metals in air Lindane measurements. Remarks about intercalibration.

 

 

 

 

Atmospheric Supply of Nitrogen to the Baltic Sea in 2013

 

Nitrogen emissions. Annual and monthly depositions. Source allocation budget.

 

 

 

 

Atmospheric Supply of Lead to the Baltic Sea in 2013

 

Lead emissions. Annual and monthly depositions. Source allocation budget. Comparison of model results and measurements.

 

 

 

 

Atmospheric Supply of Cadmium to the Baltic Sea in 2013

 

Cadmium emissions. Annual and monthly depositions. Source allocation budget. Comparison of model results and measurements.

 

 

 

 

Atmospheric Supply of Mercury to the Baltic Sea in 2013

 

Mercury emissions. Annual and monthly depositions. Source allocation budget. Comparison of model results and measurements.

 

 

 

 

Atmospheric Supply of PCDD/F to the Baltic Sea in 2013

 

PCDDF emissions. Annual and monthly depositions. Source allocation budget. Comparison of model results and measurements.

 

 

 

 

References

 

References quoted in the report.

 

 

 

 

9

Appendix A

 

Tables with complete results of measurements at all available HELCOM stations in 2013.

 

 

 

 

10

Appendix B

 

Updated for 2013 information on monitoring methods.

 

 

 

 

11

Appendix C

 

Updated for 2013: Indicator Fact Sheets

 

 

 

 

12

Appendix D

 

Calculation of normalised deposition to the Baltic Sea basin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comments-FI

 

Comments received from Finland.